Double crochet stitches are the simplest crochet stitches. Crochet pieces made of double crochet stitches are very solid and warm. Especially beginners should start crocheting first pieces with double crochet stitches. The very popular Japanese crochet art called Amigurumi is almost exclusively crocheted with double crochet stitches.
To crochet a double crochet stitch you pull a loop through the next stitch of the crochet piece. Then you draw the yarn and pull it through both loops on the crochet hook.
|English (US)||single crochet stitch(es)||sc|
|English (UK)||double crochet stitch(es)||dc|
In this simple crochet tutorial we will learn to crochet double crochet stitches step by step
Before you are able to crochet double crochet stitches, you will need a foundation to crochet them on top. There are a lot of variations to crochet a foundation. For this example I crocheted a foundation of chain stitches. Of course you will find here also a tutorial about how to crochet chain stitches.
Note: While crocheting in rows or closed rounds (circle rounds), each new row or round starts with Lifting-Chains (also called Turning-Chains). They are crocheted like usually chains, but they have a special function and are not count as stitches. How many Lifting-Chains / Turning-Chains you need to crochet depends on the kind of stitches of the new row. More about this you can read at Lifting-Chains / Turning-Chains.
Because we will start now a new row with double crochet stitches, we need to crochet 1 Lifting- / Turning-Chain at first. That´s why the shown foundation chain consists of 10 chain stitches followed by one lifting-chain (also called turning-chain). You simply crochet one additional chain stitch at the end of the foundation chain, so it consists of 11 chain stitches.
If you take a closer look at the foundation chain, you will recognize that the top of each chain stitch consists of only one loop. That means, if you pull your hook through one chain, you will always have just one loop on the crochet hook. You will see later why I told you this.
First turn your foundation chain like this. The crochet hook with the firs loop is on the right side and the working thread is behind the crochet piece. Now stitch into the first gap of the foundation chain left from your crochet hook and draw the yarn.
Now the crochet hook is back on the right side and the working thread lays behind your crochet piece.
As soon as you finished crocheting your first row, you can just continue with the next row of double crochet stitches. Nearly nothing changes, because the double crochet stitches are crocheted the same way. But stitching into the crochet piece to draw the first loop will get much easier.
But first, we have started a new row and turned our piece before. That means we have to start with turning chains again now, like we learned before. Let´s do one turning chain for single crochet (us, uk: double crochet).
Now it becomes clear, why this chains are called turning chains, because they are some extra stitches which raise up your piece after turning. How many turning chains you have to crochet is given by the type of stitches you´ll crochet in the next row. Every type of stitch needs a special number of turning chains.
Remember, how to crochet a chain, just catch the yarn and draw the thread once through the loop on your needle.
Now lets take a look on the top of your row again. Something changed if you compare it with the same view of your foundation chain. Your row looks like a cable knit with double loops and every stitch is looking like the letter V.
When you are pulling your hook again through a stitch of the previous round, you have to pay attention to pull it through both loops, the front loop and the back loop. Be careful to not split one loop or something like this. Don´t worry, its not such as complicated as it sounds to be.
If you did everything correctly you should now have the double loop on your crochet hook. On the picture you can see on the far right the first loop, then following the two loops of the stitch and at the left the new thread we caught now.
Pull the thread through the gap as usual. If everything gone right, you´ll have two loops on your hook again.
Catch a thread again and crochet both loops together, as we learned in first row. Finished is the next single crochet (us, uk: double crochet).
The first stitch looks a little bit wrong again, that´s why we crochet some more stitches.
Until you´re at the end again, it is a nice piece of crochet work with single crochet stitches (us, uk: double crochet stitches).
So let´s go on crocheting double crochet stitches and finish the row.
After two rows single crochet (us, uk: double crochet) your piece is already grown a bit and you can see the rows and patterns as well. Turning chains helped a lot to get those straight borders and fine corners.
As you can see, you are now able to crochet everything with chains and single crochet (us, uk: double crochet) stitches. It´s that simple. Have fun crocheting.
Tip: If you like to learn some more about crocheting, you should see the tutorial on how to half double crochet (us) or half treble crochet (uk).